From the colonial era, the King of England used the American dream to stimulate immigration and settlement in North America. They praised the immensity of the territory, synonymous with almost unlimited opportunities. However, migrants of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries often found difficult living conditions when they arrived in America.
The American Revolution advances the idea of the American dream. In the Declaration of Independence of 1776, the "pursuit of happiness" was one of the inalienable rights of man, alongside freedom and equality.
Many Americans were enriched in the nineteenth century by courage and entrepreneurial spirit (Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller).
Hundreds of thousands of Europeans left the Old Continent to escape religious persecution (Jews from Eastern Europe), poverty (Italians) or famine (Irish).
The term "American dream" is used for the first time by James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of America (1931).
It means access to fundamental freedoms and social ascension through merit. "